How to get admission in IIT after 12th


How to get admission in IIT after 12th? Simply putting, its a hard nut to crack! Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) are the dream college of every engineering aspirant. These prestigious institutions are known for offering quality education along with an exciting campus life to its students. Some of the IITs even boast about their 100 per cent placement records. Nearly eleven thousand seats are offered by the 23 participating IITs to the candidates, who qualify JEE Advanced- the second stage of Joint Entrance Examination (JEE). The top 2,24,000 scorers of JEE Main appear for this exam.

A tough deal: 1 out of 100 aspirants get an IIT seat

But before the second stage, aspirants are required to appear and qualify in the first stage of JEE, which is JEE Main. Every year, more than twelve lakh candidates take this national level engineering entrance exam, which is held twice a year in computer-based mode. Qualifying this exam makes a candidate eligible for appearing in JEE Advanced as well as for admissions into NITs, IIITs and GFTIs. Nearly 26,673 seats are allotted to the eligible candidates in these institutes.

Let’s have a look at the details of how you can secure a seat in an IIT after class 12.

The first phase is JEE Main, which is conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA) twice a year (January and April) in two shifts per day.

Who can apply for JEE Main?

  • There is not any age limit for applying to appear in JEE Main.
  • You should have passed class 12 (or equivalent) exam in 2017 or 2018. Those appearing in 2019 can also apply (for 2019 academic session).
  • You must have studied five subjects including a language, Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry/Biology/Biotechnology/Technical Vocational subject and any other subject.
  • You are eligible to appear for six attempts (two per year) as a candidate can write the exam for three consecutive years.

Exam pattern of JEE Main- Paper 1 and Paper 2

Particulars Paper I Paper II
Mode Computer Based Test (CBT) Computer Based Test and Paper and Pen Based Test
Duration Three hours
Subjects ·         Physics

·         Chemistry

·         Mathematics

·         Mathematics, General Aptitude (Computer Based Test)

·         Drawing Skills (Pen and Paper Based Test)

Total questions ·         Physics – 30

·         Chemistry – 30

·         Mathematics – 30

·         Mathematics – 30

·         Aptitude – 50

·         Drawing – 2

Nature of questions Objective Multiple Choice Questions Mathematics and Aptitude will comprise objective questions. The drawing test will evaluate the drawing and sketching skills.
Marking scheme ·         4 marks will be given for every correct response.

·         1 mark will be deducted for every incorrect response.

·         4 marks will be given for every correct response.

·         1 mark will be deducted for every incorrect response.

·         Drawing questions will be of total 70 marks.


The result of JEE Main displays the marks secured by the candidates in each subject- Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics (PCM) along with the total marks, All India Rank (AIR), category rank and qualifying status for JEE Advanced. A cutoff score is also announced that is the category-wise minimum score required for qualifying JEE Main and only those candidates are eligible to appear for JEE Advanced who score equal to or more than this cutoff. These qualified candidates have the option of either participating in the counselling and seat allocation procedure that is conducted by Joint Seat Allocation Authority (JoSAA) for admissions to NITs, IIITs and GFTIs or to register for appearing in JEE Advanced. For admissions to the NITs, IIITs and GFTIs, securing at least 75% marks (65% for SC/ST category candidates) or being in the top twenty percentile of the respective boards is mandatory.

JEE Advanced, the second and final stage of JEE, is held as the gateway for IIT admissions. It is conducted in the computer-based mode in two different sessions for Paper 1 and 2. Candidates have to attempt both the papers to be included in the rank list.

JEE Advanced Eligibility Criteria

  • The foremost condition is to qualify in JEE Main and fulfill the determined cutoff criteria.
  • To apply for JEE Advanced, you should have been born on after October 1, 1994. Those belonging to the reserved categories should have born on or after October 1, 1989.
  • You should have passed class 12 (or equivalent) examination in 2018 or 2019 (for academic session 2019).
  • An aspirant can attempt JEE Advanced two times in times in two consecutive years.

JEE Advanced Exam Pattern

There are two papers and all the candidates have to take both of them. Each paper is divided into three sections- Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics. There are multiple choices, numerical and matching list questions. The languages of the papers are English and Hindi.

Nearly 2,24,000 top candidates compete for a total of around 11,000 seats across IITs for admission to undergraduate engineering programmes. The admissions are offered on the basis of candidates’ JEE Advanced rank. The result of the JEE Advanced is declared in the online mode wherein the candidates can check their AIR and the qualifying marks that have to be secured in order to be considered eligible. Only those who score equal to or more than this cutoff are included in the rank list. JoSAA conducts the counselling and seat allotment procedure solely on merit basis.


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